Targeting the Calmodulin-Regulated ErbB/Grb7 Signaling Axis in Cancer Therapy

Antonio Villalobo1, Irene García-Palmero1, Silviya R. Stateva1, Karim Jellali2

1Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas & Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
2Centre of Biotechnology of Sfax, Sidi Mansour Road Km 6, Sfax, Tunisia

Abstract


Signal transduction pathways essential for the survival and viability of the cell and that frequently present aberrant expression or function in tumors are attractive targets for pharmacological intervention in human cancers. In this short review we will describe the regulation exerted by the calcium-receptor protein calmodulin (CaM) on signaling routes involving the family of ErbB receptors - highlighting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB1) and ErbB2 - and the adaptor protein Grb7, a downstream signaling component of these receptors. The signaling mechanism of the ErbB/Grb7 axis and the regulation exerted by CaM on this pathway will be described. We will present a brief overview of the current efforts to inhibit the hyperactivity of ErbB receptors and Grb7 in tumors. The currently available information on targeting the CaM-binding site of these signaling proteins will be analyzed, and the pros and cons of directly targeting CaM versus the CaM-binding domain of the ErbB receptors and Grb7 as potential anti-cancer therapy will be discussed.

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J Pharm Pharm Sci, 16 (2): 177-189, 2013

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