(S)--Gingerol enhances glucose uptake in L6 myotubes by activation of AMPK in response to [Ca2+]i
PURPOSE. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of (S)--gingerol in promoting glucose uptake in L6 skeletal muscle cells. METHODS. The effect of (S)--gingerol on glucose uptake in L6 myotubes was examined using 2-[1,2-3H]-deoxy-D-glucose. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration was measured using Fluo-4. Phosphorylation of AMPKα was determined by Western blotting analysis. RESULTS. (S)--Gingerol time-dependently enhanced glucose uptake in L6 myotubes. (S)--Gingerol elevated intracellular Ca2+ concentration and subsequently induced a dose- and time-dependent enhancement of threonine172 phosphorylated AMPKα in L6 myotubes via modulation by Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase. CONCLUSION. The results indicated that (S)--gingerol increased glucose uptake in L6 skeletal muscle cells by activating AMPK. (S)--gingerol, a major component of Zingiber officinale, may have potential for development as an antidiabetic agent. This article is open to POST-PUBLICATION REVIEW. Registered readers (see “For Readers”) may comment by clicking on ABSTRACT on the issue’s contents page.